how long does it take to grow beets from seed to harvest?



In this article, we will examine the conditions for planting and care tips for sugar beet. It belongs to the spinach family and dates back to ancient times.

The first signs of its cultivation were in the Middle East region and, in addition to various food crops, it is a good source of sucrose and therefore a good substitute for tropical sugar cane. The beet is a plant with medicinal properties and is even used as a food coloring.

Nutritional value of beets

Beets contain a lot of sugar, which is found in all vegetables. But it has few calories and low amounts of cholesterol. If you include beet in your daily diet, you can enjoy many benefits and have a healthy body.

This is because, as we said in the section on namanak health, it is rich in vitamins, minerals and organic compounds such as carotenoids, glycine, betaine, fiber and vitamin C.

It also contains a large amount of essential minerals such as magnesium, iron, copper and phosphorus, which help to regulate various bodily processes.

Nutritional value of beets

Timing of sugar beet cultivation

In general, the timing of sugar beet sowing depends on climatic conditions and the temperature to be discussed, with most farmers working after the end of winter ice in late Walk and early April.

Farmers should be careful if the growing area for this crop has a short growing season and act as soon as possible, as a delay in this matter will negatively affect the final harvest and yield of the product.

Learn more about the sugar beet plant

Sugar beet is a herbaceous plant from the spinach family that has green flowers without petals. In the first year of growth of this plant, most of the energy is spent on vegetative growth, where many horizontal and vertical leaves begin to grow, but no stem is formed.


From the appearance of the seedling in the soil, a pair of leaves is formed every 5-7 days, and after the plant has 6 leaves, a leaf is added every three days.

The sugar beet leaves remain for 20-25 days and then fall off. Each sugar beet seedling forms almost 100 glades during its lifetime, and components such as infections and lack of supplements cause the glades to fall off prematurely and affect the development of the plant.

Learn more about the sugar beet plant

how long does it take to grow beets from seed to harvest?


The root of this plant develops in the form of a tuber in the soil, and the more permeable the soil is, the better the root can develop.
Note: The cultivation of sugar beet takes 6 to 9 months

This plant can be used as a cream, cooked, drained and pickled. It can also be used in various ways in sweet and savory dishes. Before you use it, it should be thoroughly washed and peeled. I can season it before cooking.

This tasty plant has many properties and becomes one of the best foods to cook in cold weather. Excessive consumption of this plant is harmful to the stomach and causes heartburn. The cooking utensils are suitable for cooking turnips.

Beet molasses

The most important conditions for sugar beet cultivation are as follows

The most important conditions for sugar beet cultivation are as follows


To grow sugar beet seeds, the weather needs to be at least 4-5 degrees Celsius every day and be able to survive very cold winters. The plant seeds need a temperature of 15-20 degrees Celsius to begin growing.
Sugar beet prefers a temperate climate for its growth, so in the phase of sucrose storage it is sensitive to extreme heat; in general, the optimum temperature for the growth of this plant is 20-25 degrees Celsius.


Sugar beet grows best in soils that are easily permeable to water and don’t get too wet. Sandy soils with a neutral to slightly alkaline pH value are best suited for growing sugar beet.

Hard and cohesive soils that contain too many stones and lack natural substance are no longer suitable for the deep penetration of sugar beet roots and their growth.

Even if the plant can tolerate salty soils when it’s first sown, this will make it more difficult for the sugar beet to grow later on.

Sunlight harvest


Sunlight is very important for sugar beet so that it can grow and produce sugar in its roots. As this plant needs a lot of sunlight, it grows better when there are many sunny days. This helps the leaves and roots to grow well.

Sufficient light, especially during the budding of the sugar beet, can be very important as sufficient light increases the sugar garage and improves the taste and quality of the plant.

Note: To ensure that all sugar beets receive sufficient light, ensure sufficient distribution between the plants at the beginning of development and drive out weeds particularly quickly as they develop.


Even though sugar beet is immune to drought, the maximum vigor of the plant must not be wasted now by enduring harsh and destructive conditions.

The crucial variables are the excessive abandonment of the plant, the presence of sufficient moisture and the rightful control of the water balance.

It should be known that the seed of this plant germinates at a stickiness of 31% of its weight, but the most favorable stickiness is higher and is 120% of the outline weight of sugar beet.

On the other hand, the water requirement per hectare during the entire development period of sugar beet is between 7,030 and 1,3600 cubic meters, depending on the location.

The importance of fertilization in sugar beet cultivation

The importance of fertilization in sugar beet cultivation

The cultivation and supply of the necessary nutrients through sugar beets is one of the most important measures that every wise farmer must put on his motivation.

For this reason, when plowing the soil, phosphorus fertilizers, sulfates, characteristic fertilizers containing humic substances and, if the farmer analyzes them, artificial fertilizers must be applied at the foot of the cultivated area and well connected to the soil.

It is much better to ensure the phosphorus supply with fertilizer 10.52.10 and the potassium supply of the plant with potassium sulfate.

land preparation

The yield of sugar beet depends on the framework and the way in which the soil is ready for development.

Autumn cultivation has some advantages over spring cultivation, which certainly include the convenience of using agricultural equipment and the superiority of technology.

The intensity of autumn plowing must be between 30 and 35 cm, and the soil moisture must be favorable for plowing.

After the end of the frost period, it is no longer necessary to plow deeply, and the land is best plowed with a single-deck plow.

It’s advisable to use a disk to loosen the soil and remove outgrowths. When sowing, it’s better to keep the distance between the rows at 60 cm and to sow the seeds at the same distance with a spacing of 2 to 3 cm.


According to the above information, we understand that beet has a wide adaptability to various environmental conditions, it can tolerate drought and it is also resistant to soil salinity. Environmental factors such as heat, light, length of day and soil moisture largely determine the way beetroot grows

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