What is the common name for Hoya carnosa variegata?


Introduction to the Hoya plant

The Hoya plant is a creeping perennial evergreen plant that grows on the ground or clings to walls and trees in rocky areas.

 The leaves of these plants are fleshy or succulent and vary in size, color, texture, and arrangement of veins (venation). 

Most species of this plant are native to Asia and temperate zones, e.g. China, Thailand, India, and other countries such as New Guinea, the Philippines, Australia, etc.

The size of the plant can be between 1 and 18 meters, depending on the species. The leaves of the various Hoya plant species can be hairy, soft, waxy or porcelain-like.

 The flowers of Hoya plants can also look different. One and the same plant species can have flowers in many colors.

 It is important to know that the flowers of this plant grow every year. Some types of flowers are star-shaped and very fragrant. Some plant species also form flowers occasionally.

Introduction to the Hoya plant

Scientific name Hoya carnosa
Genus Hoya
Subfamily Asclepiadaceae – Astbarghian
Family Apocynaceae – Oleander
Native to the region East Asia and Australia, more specifically this plant is native to Queensland.
Other common names Wax Screw, Candle
Height reaches 60 cm.

What is the common name for Hoya carnosa variegata?

The Hoya plant belongs to the gentian family (Gentianales) and Apocynaceae and to the subfamily Asclepiadoideae, also known as porcelain flower and wax plant or wax vine or wax flower. Hoya was named by a Scottish botanist in honor of his friend Thomas Hoy.

The ancient Iranians also called it Vezhik. (because of the very sweet nectar that drips from it onto the ground), which is derived from the word vash, meaning sweet, and zhik, meaning raindrop.

 In this article from Golden Cafe, we will provide a complete guide to the conditions for the care and growth of the Hoya plant.

Hoya carnosa

The Hoya plant can be a flowering species within the gentian family and the Apocynaceae. The wax plant is also called porcelain flower and wax plant.

 Hoya carnosa (also known as waxflower) is exceptionally well known. – In honor of his companion Thomas Hoy, a Scottish plant researcher gave it the name Hoya.

The ancient Iranians also called it Vezhik. (because of the very sweet nectar that drips from it onto the ground), which is derived from the word vash, meaning sweet, and zhik, meaning raindrop. 

In this article, we want to address the complete guide to the conditions for the care and growth of the Hoya plant. be with us.

Care conditions for Hoya plants

Several factors play a role in the healthy and optimal growth of the Hoya flower, and if these things are taken into account, you can enjoy such a beautiful plant for many years without paying a high price.

 Hoya is also referred to as the best substitute for the Pothos plant. Below we will go over the most important points when caring for the Hoya carnosa flower.

Care conditions for Hoya plants

1. The right light

With the exception of the Hoya species Kerrii and Crassicaulis, which are up to 90 % resistant to direct light. The other species should not be exposed to strong, direct sunlight.

 South-facing windows are therefore not suitable, as this will burn the plant’s leaves.
Filtered and indirect light or a distance of 30 cm to 1 meter from south-facing windows is therefore permissible.

2. WATERING systems

As long as the pot or soil in which the Hoya plant is kept has good drainage and is not too heavy, it is no problem to water the plant, even in large quantities.

 However, as most people do not pay attention to these things, we recommend watering the plant only when the soil has dried out to a depth of 4 cm.

When watering the Hoya flower, you should also consider the time of year, e.g. in summer or if the pot is near a south-facing window, the amount of watering will increase due to the sunlight and faster evaporation of the water in the soil.

 For example, once every 2 weeks, but in winter, when the air temperature is lower, the number of watering times reaches once a month.

Note that overwatering the hoya plant causes root rot and fungal diseases, which is one of the main reasons for the death of this plant.

hoya WATERING systems

3. moisture

Hoya plants are accustomed to medium to high stickiness. Since they are related to the subtropical and tropical zones and some species can actually withstand downpours in their areas, they require high mugginess.

Species of Hoya plants that do not have vigorous bald patches and are limited need a stickiness between 60 and 80% to remain stable, otherwise they will die.

 In addition, watering should be done in summer as the temperature is higher and the plant needs more moisture.

4. temperature

Some species of Hoya plants, such as Carnosa or Carnosa, can tolerate cold winds in winter. However, for most other types of Hoya plants, cold temperatures can be damaging. 

It is important that they are not exposed to temperatures below 10 degrees in winter and excessive heat in summer. 35 degrees is a measure of the temperature or angle.

hoya temperature

5. Soil

Hoya plants grow on other plants without harming them and lead a harmless parasitic life. For this reason, the Hoya plant is not accustomed to soil and prefers nutrient-rich soils. It may not thrive in a home or garden where conditions are not suitable for its way of life.

6. Fertilization

Most Hoya species grow in areas with calcareous soil. Therefore, an alkaline pH value is naturally to be expected, which you should pay attention to when buying liquid fertilizer. 

Normally, fertilizers for ornamental plants are well suited for this plant and do not cause any particular problems.

 If your soil is acidic, you should use eggshells or ostrich eggshells and mix them with potting or garden soil, gradually raising the pH of the soil by watering.

To buy the right fertilizer for Hoya flowers, make sure that fertilizer with high nitrogen and phosphorus content is a good choice.

 Remember that you should fertilize the plant every 2 weeks or once a month during the growing season, depending on the species. 

In addition, fertilization should be discontinued in winter, as the Hoya plant has a semi-dormant phase.

Fertilization hoya

8. Change the pot

One should not be in a hurry to change the pot of the Hoya plant, and certainly not from year to year.

 This may be because, as mentioned, this plant leads an epiphytic life, which indicates that the roots mainly serve to connect with other plants and trees, and they do not develop so quickly that the space in the pot quickly becomes too small for them and the roots are doomed to suffocation. to supply

Depending on the species, the pot must be replaced every 3 to 5 years or even every 10 years and a larger size chosen. (Especially if the roots protrude from under the pot).


In this article, we looked at the natural conditions for caring for Hoya plants. We learned about the light, soil and watering requirements for the Hoya flower in order for this excellent houseplant to thrive in our home. 

He also told us about the problems that the Hoya plant can cause and how to treat them. Thank you very much for your continuous support. We trust that the content was valuable to you.

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